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Douglas McGregor’s theories on motivation and how they relate to business organization.

  • Describes theory X as the view that man is lazy, selfish, stupid and responsibility avoiding and thus requires a carrot and stick approach for motivation.
  • Describes theory Y as the opposite view that man is ambitious, keen, capable and responsibility seeking and is motivated by self-control.
  • Explains that individuals lie somewhere between these extremes.
  • Pointed out that preconceptions can greatly influence human performance.
  • And a movement towards theory Y might improve organizational  effectiveness